now.

Sources

The disconnect.

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The Nielsen Company (01/2015). We are what we eat: Healthy eating trends around the world.

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“People talk themselves out of things very easily. Things that they think are a million years away or never, are actually four years away.”

George Church, geneticist, molecular engineer, and chemist at Harvard and MIT

Welcome to my Genome. (09/06/2014). The Economist.

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Matter of Trust

Global Agenda Councils. (2014). Outlook on the Global Agenda 2015. Source used: Edelman Trust Barometer 2014. Geneva: World Economic Forum. Retrieved from
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To behave, or not to behave.

Berger, Roger; Hammer, Rupert: “Links oder rechts; das ist hier die Frage. Eine spieltheoretische Analyse von Elfmeterschüssen mit Bundesligadaten.” Institut für Soziologie der Universität Leipzig, Arbeitsbericht des Instituts für Soziologie, Nr. 47 (January 2007).

Fifty-six

The global demand from the middle class will be 56 Trillion USD by 2030. The global middle class denominates households with a daily income of USD 10 – 100.

Zollenkop, Dr. Michael. Frugal Innovation. Simple, Simpler, Best. COO Insights. The Magazine for Chief Operating Officers. (Issue 03.2014). Munich: Roland Berger Strategy Consultants GmbH. Retrieved from http://www.rolandberger.com/media/pdf/Roland_Berger_COO_Insights_Frugal_Innovation_20140121.pdf

$ 65 million

Additional $65.7 million in net income for a typical Fortune 1000 company by a 10% increase in data accessibility.

McCafferty, Dennis. (02/18/2014). Surprising Statistics About Big Data. Baseline.

Retrieved from http://www.baselinemag.com/analytics-big-data/slideshows/surprising-statistics-about-big-data.html (11(13/2014).

55% of online consumers across 60 countries would pay more for products and services from companies committed to positive social and environmental impact.
Global Consumers Are Willing to Put Their Money Where Their Heart is When it Comes to Goods and Services from Companies Committed to Social Responsibility (Jun. 17, 2014). New York: The Nielsen Company.
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Instinct.

American Photo. Collector’s issue: Henri Cartier-Bresson, (Sept./Oct. 1997), Vol. 8 (5): page 96

“Volvo will accept full liability whenever one of its cars is in autonomous mode.”

Håkan Samuelsson, President and CEO, Member of the Board of Directors at Volvo

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“I want to create a whole new technology, and one that is aimed at helping humanity at all levels regardless of geography or ethnicity or age or gender.”

Elisabeth Holmes, founder and CEO at Theranos

Parloff, Roger (06/12/2014). This CEO is out for blood. Fortune.

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Frugal Innovation

Prabhu, J., Radjou, N. (11/28/2014). 4 CEOs Who Are Making Frugal Innovation Work. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from https://hbr.org/2014/11/4-ceos-who-are-making-frugal-innovation-work

Bourque, Andre. (12/24/2014). Is Your Business Ready for the World’s Emerging Middle Class? Huffington Post. Retrieved from http://www.huffingtonpost.com/andre-bourque/is-your-business-ready-fo_b_6376056.html

Kidambi, R., Mathur, M., Shivaraman, S. Frugal Re-engineering: Innovatively Cutting Product Costs. A. T. Kearney Korea LLC. Retrieved from http://www.atkearney.com/documents/10192/573895/Frugal_Re-Engineering.pdf/2b9fb4fb-0aca-42c9-87a9-29f519e2afc3

100x

With Continuous Liquid Interface Production technology (CLIP), 3D printing is expected to be 25-100x faster. A New Approach To 3D Printing. Carbon 3D.

Retrieved from http://carbon3d.com/ (05/08/2015).

Ten Principles of Behavioral Economics.

Kahneman, Daniel: Thinking, Fast and Slow. Farrar, Straus and Giroux, New York, 2011.

Frederick, Shane: “Cognitive Reflection and Decision Making.” The Journal of Economic Perspectives (2005), Vol. 19 (4): pages 25–42 (18).

Kahneman, Daniel; Tversky, Amos: “Prospect Theory: An Analysis of Decision under Risk.” Econometrica (1979), Vol. 47 (2): pages 263–292.

Malmendier, Ulrike; Tate, Geoffrey: “CEO Overconfidence and Corporate Investment.” The Journal of Finance (2005), Vol. 60: pages 2661–2700.

Niederle, Muriel; Vesterlund, Lise: “Do Women Shy Away from Competition? Do Men Compete Too Much?” The Quarterly Journal of Economics (2007), Vol. 122 (3): pages 1067–1101.

Sutter, Matthias; Glätzle-Rützler, Daniela: “Gender Differences in the Willingness to Compete Emerge Early in Life and Persist.” Management Science (2015), Vol. 61 (10): pages 2339–2354.

Sutter, Matthias; Glätzle-Rützler, Daniela: “Gender Differences in the Willingness to Compete Emerge Early in Life and Persist.” Management Science (2015), Vol. 61 (10): pages 2339–2354.

Fehr, Ernst; Fischbacher, Urs; Gächter, Simon: “Are People Conditionally Cooperative? Evidence from a Public Goods Experiment.” Economic Letters (2001), Vol. 71: pages 397–404.

Gächter, Simon; Renner, Elke: “Leaders as Role Models for the Voluntary Provision of Public Goods” (October 24, 2014). CESifo Working Paper Series No. 5049.

Fehr, Ernst; Schmidt, Klaus: “A Theory of Fairness, Competition, and Cooperation.” The Quarterly Journal of Economics (1999), Vol. 114 (3): pages 817–868.

Gibbons, Robert; Henderson, Rebecca: “Relational Contracts and Organizational Capabilities.” Organization Science (2011), Vol. 23 (5): pages 1350–1364.

Dohmen, Thomas; Enke, Benjamin; Falk, Armin; Huffman, David; Sunde, Uwe: “Patience and the Wealth of Nations” (2015). Working Paper.

Sutter, Matthias: Die Entdeckung der Geduld. Ausdauer schlägt Talent. Ecowin, Salzburg, 2014.

Cohn, Alain; Fehr, Ernst; Maréchal, Michel André: “Business Culture and Dishonesty in the Banking Industry.” Nature (2014), Vol. 516: pages 86–89, doi: 10.1038/nature13977.
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Gächter, Simon; Schulz, Jonathan F.: “Intrinsic Honesty and the Prevalence of Rule Violations Across Societies.” Nature (2016), Vol. 531: pages 496–499, doi:10.1038/nature17160.
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Global Productivity

Growth Dobbs, R., Jordan, A., Labaye, E., Manyika, J., Remes, J., Woetzel, J. (January 2015). Global Growth: Can Productivity Save the Day in an Aging World? McKinsey Global Institute. Retrieved from: http://www.mckinsey.de/sites/mck_files/files/mgi-global-growth_full_report_january_2015.pdf

75 billion devices are expected to be connected to the internet of things by 2020.
Danova, T. (Oct. 2, 2014).
Morgan Stanley: 75 Billion Devices Will Be Connected To The InternetOf Things By 2020. Business Insider.
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3D Printing

3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing Industry Expected to Quadruple in Size in Four Years. (08/19/2014). Wohlers Associates.

Retrieved from http://www.wohlersassociates.com/press65.html (05/06/2015).

Kristin Majcher. (09/16/2014). How to Build 3-D Printing. MIT Technology Review.

Retrieved from http://www.technologyreview.com/news/530721/how-to-build-3-d-printing/ (05/06/2015).

Gartner Says Worldwide Shipments of 3D Printers to Reach More Than 217,000 in 2015. (10/27/2014). Gartner.

Retrieved from http://www.gartner.com/newsroom/id/2887417 (06/05/2015).

A New Approach To 3D Printing. Carbon 3D.

Retrieved from http://carbon3d.com/ (05/06/2015).

$3.9 Trillion

The potential economic input of the Internet of Things in 2025 including consumer surplus.

Dobbs, R., Manyika, J., Woetzel, J. (06/2015). The Internet of Things: Mapping the Value Beyond the Hype. McKinsey&Company.

Retrieved from http://www.mckinsey.de/sites/mck_files/files/unlocking_the_potential_ of_the_internet_of_things_full_report.pdf , Page 7. (11/13/2014).

The world on the move
Doll, A., Friebel, D., Rückriegel, M., Schwarzmüller, D (August 2014).
Global Logistic Markets.
Munich & Frankfurt: Roland Berger Strategy Consultants GmbH & Barclays Bank PLC Frankfurt Branch.
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Huang, N. (Jan. 28, 2014). Global Logistics Industry Outlook. Business Vibes.
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IATA Forecast 2013-2017: International Freight Volumes Are Expected to Grow 17% Over the Next Five Years (Dec. 12, 2013). Unmanned Cargo Conference.
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Manyika, J., Chui, M., Groves, P., Farrell D., Van Kuiken, S., Almasi Doshi, E. (October 2013). Open Data: Unlocking Innovation and Performance With Liquid Information. McKinsey Global Institute.
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44 Trillion GB

The data we create and copy annually is doubling in size every two years. By 2020 the digital universe will reach the quantity of 44 trillion gigabytes – nearly as many digital bits as there are stars in the universe.

IDC (04/2014). The Digital Universe of Opportunities: Rich Data and the Increasing Value of the Internet of Things.

Retrieved from http://www.emc.com/leadership/digital-universe/2014iview/executive-summary.htm (11/13/2015).

Industry 4.0

Industry 4.0 - Opportunities and Challenges of the Industrial Internet. (12/2014). Strategy&..

Retrieved from http://www.strategyand.pwc.com/media/file/Industry-4-0.pdf (05/08/2015).

Umsetzungsempfehlungen für das Zukunftsprojekt Industrie 4.0 - Deutschlands Zukunft als Produktionsstandort sichern. (2011). DFKI - Abschlussbericht des Arbeitskreises Industrie 4.0.

ZVEI, 2013, as published on Industry 4.0 – Upgrading of Germany’s Industrial Capabilities on the Horizon. (04/2014). Deutsche Bank Research. ISSN 1612-3158.

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Zhao Yinan. (26/03/2015). China Unveils Ambitious Plans to Upgrade Manufacturing Power. The State Council, The People’s Republic of China.

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The Sense of Paper
Jabr, F. (Apr. 11, 2013).
The Reading Brain in the Digital Age: The Science of Paper Versus Screens. Scientific American, a division of Nature America, Inc..
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Konnikova, M. (Jul. 16, 2014).
Being a Better Online Reader. The New Yorker.
Retrieved Sep. 22, 2014:
http://www.newyorker.com/ science/ mariakonnikova/ being- a- better- online- reader

Eleven

In 2100, the estimated world population will be 11 billion people.

Gerland, Patrick et. Al. (09/18/2014). World Population Stabilization Unlikely this Century. Science. Retrieved from: http://www.sciencemag.org/content/346/6206/234.full?sid=07ab5445-cd75-4c34-8146-a592854dc2cb

Hickey, Hannah. (09/18/2014). World Population to Keep Growing this Century, Hit 11 Billion by 2100. UW Today. University of Washington. Retrieved from http://www.washington.edu/news/2014/09/18/world-population-to-keep-growing-this-century-hit-11-billion-by-2100/

Transitions
Photos taken at Manke Autorecycling, Frankfurt/Main (Germany),
Summer 2014.

“I think Uber will do just fine if they have to play by the rules. Silicon Valley will do just fine as well. Maybe some won’t make it, but the market will figure it out. It’s important that we have these laws, and I still think they’re good laws.”

Shannon Liss-Riordan, Lawyer, Partner at Lichten & Liss-Riordan, P.C.

Carson, Elizabeth (05/27/2015). This lawyer fought for FedEx drivers and strippers. Now she’s standing up for Uber drivers. Business Insider UK.

Retrieved from http://uk.businessinsider.com/shannon-liss-riordan-the-lawyer- behind-ubers-lawsuit-2015-5?r=US&IR=T (11/13/2015).

Car sharing
Carsharing Services Will Surpass 12 Million Members Worldwide by 2020(Aug. 22, 2013). Navigant Research.
Retrieved Sep. 22, 2014:
http://www.navigantresearch.com/ newsroom/ carsharing- services- will- surpass- 12- million- members- worldwide- by- 2020

Freese, C., Schönberg, A. T. (July 2014).
Shared Mobility. How New Businesses Are Rewriting the Rules of thePrivate Transportation Game.
Munich: Roland Berger Strategy Consultants GmbH.
Retrieved Sep. 22, 2014:
http://www.rolandberger.de/ media/ pdf/ Roland_ Berger_ TAB_ Shared_ Mobility_ 20140716.pdf

Martin, E., Shaheen, S. (Spring 2011).
The Impact of Carsharing on Household Vehicle Ownership.
Access Number 38: 22-27.
Retrieved Sep. 22, 2014:
http://www.uctc.net/ access/ 38/ access38_ carsharing_ ownership.shtml

Ten

In 10 years, the highest-performing industries can become the lowest-performing industries. Hirsh, E., Rangan, Katsuri. The Grass Isn’t Greener. (January-February 2013). Harvard Business Review. Reprint F1301A. Retrieved from http://www.strategyand.pwc.com/media/file/HBR_The-Grass-Isnt-Greener.pdf

Maker Movement

Stewart, Martha. (15/10/2013). Meet USA’s New Entrepreneurs. USA Today. Retrieved from http://www.usatoday.com/story/money/business/2013/10/14/martha-stewart-column-meet-the-makers/2980701/

List of Hacker Spaces. Hackerspaces.org. Retrieved from http://hackerspaces.org/wiki/List_of_Hacker_Spaces

The Year In Kickstarter 2014. Kickstarter. Retrieved from https://www.kickstarter.com/year/2014?ref=footer#stats-3

How To Deliver On Your IOT Product. (22/01/2015). Dragon Innovation. Retrieved from
http://www.slideshare.net/dragoninnovation

About Etsy. Etsy. Retrieved from https://www.etsy.com/about

Maker Faires Around The World. Maker Media, Inc. Retrieved from http://makerfaire.com/map/

Rise and Fail of Startups

The Startup Ecosystem Report 2012. (11/2012). Startup Genome and Telefonica Digital.

Retrieved from http://blog.digital.telefonica.com/?press-release=startup-ecosystem-report-2012 (05/04/2015).

The R.I.P. Report – Startup Death Trends. (01/18/2014). CB Insights.

Retrieved from https://www.cbinsights.com/blog/startup-death-data/ (05/04/2015).

101 Startup Failure Post-Mortems. (01/20/2014). CB Insights.

Retrieved from https://www.cbinsights.com/blog/startup-failure-post-mortem/ (05/04/2015).

Irrationally Yours.

Mather, Mara; Lighthall, Nicole R.: “Both Risk and Reward Are Processed Differently in Decisions Made Under Stress.” Current Directions in Psychological Science (2012), Vol. 21 (2): pages 36–41,
doi: 10.1177/0963721411429452.
Retrieved from:
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3312579/ (30/08/2016).

Thaler, Richard H.; Sunstein Cass R.: Nudge: Improving Decisions about Health, Wealth, and Happiness, Yale Univ. Press, New Haven, 2008.

Ou, Amy Y.; Tsui, Anne S.; Kinicki, Angelo, J.; Waldman, David A.; Xiao, Zhixing; Swong, Lynda Jiwen: “Humble Chief Executive Officers’ Connections to Top Management Team Integration and Middle Managers’ Responses.” Administrative Science Quarterly (2014), Vol. 59 (1): pages 34–72,
doi: 10.1177/0001839213520131.
Retrieved from:
http://asq.sagepub.com/content/59/1/34.abstract (30/08/2016).

Ariely, Dan; Lowenstein, George; Prelec, Drazen: “Coherent Arbitrariness: Stable Demand Curves Without Stable Preferences.” The Quarterly Journal of Economics (2003), Vol. 118 (1): pages 73–106,
doi: 10.1162/00335530360535153.
Retrieved from:
http://qje.oxfordjournals.org/content/118/1/73.short (30/08/2016).

Amabile, Teresa; Kramer, Steven: “The Progress Principle. Using Small Wins to Ignite Joy, Engagement, and Creativity at Work.” Harvard Business Review Press, Boston, 2011.

Nietzsche, Friedrich W.; Kaufmann, Walter A.; Hollongdale, R. J.: On the Genealogy of Morals. Vintage Books, New York, 1967.

$266 billion are the annual costs generated by paralyzed traffic flows in the world's 30 biggest megacities.
Connected Mobility 2025, Wertschöpfung im Personenverkehr der Zukunft (January 2013). Munich: Roland Berger Strategy Consultants GmbH.
Retrieved Sep. 22, 2014:
http://www.rolandberger.de/ media/ pdf/  Roland_ Berger_ TaS_ Connected_ Mobility_ D_ 20130123.pdf

“I feel like I’m a little bit of a goofball saying this, but building for mobile was actually a big part of it. It speaks to how backwards most financial companies approach to the product is. It‘s embarrassing that mobile was actually a thing.”

Baiju Prafulkumar Bhatt, co-founder at Robinhood Markets, Inc.

Fiegerman, Seth (04/11/2015). Investing app to help millennials manage the money they don’t have. Mashable.

Retrieved from http://mashable.com/2015/04/11/investing-apps-millennials/#IZsJ_4GNyaq4 (11/13/2015). So sorry, I just interrupted you.

“I’m looking around my office and I’m kicking myself for not buying smaller desks. The secret to space efficiency is small desks.”

Tracy Young, co-founder and CEO at PlanGrid

Manalac, Kat (09/03/2014). Interview with Tracy Young. Y Combinator.

Retrieved from http://blog.ycombinator. com/founder-stories-tracy-young-of-plangrid-yc-w12 (11/13/2015).

1.3 Million

Companies typically die around 20 months after their last financing round and after having raised $1.3 million.

The R.I.P. Report – Startup Death Trends. (18/01/2014). CB Insights.

Retrieved from https://www.cbinsights.com/blog/startup-death-data/ (05/08/2015).

90,000 Billion USD

Estimated GDP (purchasing power adjusted) worldwide in 2020. ZVEI, 2013, as published on Industry 4.0 - Upgrading of Germany’s Industrial Capabilities on the Horizon. (04/2014). Deutsche Bank Research. ISSN 1612-3158.

Retrieved from http://www.dbresearch.de/PROD/DBR_INTERNET_EN-PROD/PROD0000000000333571/Industry+4_0%3A+Upgrading+of+Germany%E2%80%99s+industrial+capabilities+on+the+horizon.pdf (05/08/2015).